If you have ever tried to string a violin, you know that the first few times can be a bit tricky and difficult. That is why we have teamed up with the iconic violin string company D’addario to bring you the definitive guide on how to string your violin. If you follow the processes and necessary steps in this video, you should have no problem properly stringing your violin. So lets get started…..
First, make sure you have all the necessary materials needed for the stringing process. This just makes it more organized and will help you save time throughout this process. You don’t want to be put in a situation when you’re getting everything setup, and then you have to drop everything you’re doing to go find another item you need,I would also suggest that you have a violin tuner during the process. The tuner will help you find the right pitch, and this way the notes will match and flow fluently and on-key when playing. Also, be sure to thoroughly examine your instrument to make sure everything is where it needs to be and in place.
A quick tip to help the string move smoothly through the tight spaces during the string change process is to put a little pencil lead on the bridge and the nut of the instrument. Don’t use too much. All you need is a little bit. This also helps when you start to see the wrap wire that surrounds the string start bunching together, or moving too far apart.
When sizing the strings, make sure they are the right fit for your violin because if they are too long you strings with be to floppy, making your violin very hard to play. On the other hand, if the strings are too short, they just simply won’t fit the instrument and you wont be able to play at all.
When stringing your violin you’re going to want to take off the former strings first, but only do that one string at a time. You should never take off all four strings at once, and this is because the violin has two pieces in it that are kept on by the tension of the strings. Those two pieces are the bridge, and the sound post. The bridge is what the strings are laid out on toward the middle of the violin. The sound post is a wooden piece on the inside that connects the top and the back of the instrument, without the tension of the strings the sound post will fall and you’d need to repair it. Sound Posts can only be repaired by a professional because special tools are required to fix it.
There are two sides to each string. Ones side is the ball end, and one side is the colored end or the peg end. It is called the peg end because it goes into the peg of the violin. You place the peg end into the little hole that faces upwards on the peg, and make sure you only put it in about a quarter inch. If you go over that distance you will have excess string hanging out of the instrument. This may not make your violin unplayable but it doesn’t look very professional when performing. Also, keep in mind that any excess string can cause a buzzing sound within the instrument, so it’s best to make sure everything s nice, neat, and tight. Once you have the string inserted into the peg, you’re going to want to turn the peg away from yourself if you’re in front of the instrument. This is key because you want the string to roll up and over the back of the peg. Turn the peg with one hand, and with the other hand you’re going to want to guide where the string is wrapping because you want all of the wraps to be uniform and even.
As you make sure everything is even, your going to want to put the ball end of the string into the tail piece of the violin. Keep slight pressure on the string and then turn the peg really slowly to continue to tighten the string to the right amount of tension. The strings have a small colored sleeve on them, and what you want to do with that small sleeve is put it where the bridge meets the string of the instrument. This is because the strings are steel and can cut through the wood bridge on the violin. The sleeve protects against that. Most of the time you see this with the “E” string of violins.
Use your tuner to then tune the string to the correct pitch. Just because the string is tightened does not mean it’s tuned. After you get it tuned, you wanna push the peg more tightly into the peg box to keep everything sturdy. You then want to use your fine tuner to adjust the pitch when a small adjustment is needed. The fine tuner is at the bottom of the instrument. Repeat the same processes with the rest of the string and you should be good to go.